Industry 4.0 introduces what has been called the “smart factory,” in which cyber-physical systems monitor the physical processes of the factory and make decentralized decisions. The smart factory unifies the three main concept of Industry 4.0: “smart production”, “smart services” and “smart energy”. The physical systems become Internet of Things, communicating and cooperating both with each other and with humans in real time via the wireless web.
There are four design principles in Industry 4.0. These principles support companies in identifying and implementing Industry 4.0 scenarios: